Almeria is a port city that means The Watchtower in Arabic. During Arab rule of Spain from the 8th century until the 15th century when the Christians reconquered Spain, Arabs built Alcazabas and mosques, for protection and for prayer. Throughout Andalucia, today you can see a lot of the Arab influence in the architecture and of the monuments of the past.
The Alcazaba was built in the 10th century and is the second largest in Andalucia, the Alhambra in Granada being the first and most well- known. The Alcazaba in Almeria was crucial to the Arabs because it was along the coast and provided a port.
The Alcazaba (fortress) is a backdrop to the city of Almeria and fits well with the desert landscape. The fortress has high walls, housed many peoople, had a mosque, gardens and running water. It served as a place of protection and defense and to oversee the city and port.
There are beautiful gardens and lots of rose gardens (blooming in spring and summer)
Lots of cats, which seems to be a trace of the Arab empire who once ruled Spain. Cats are everywhere in Morocco too.
When the Christians kicked out the Arabs and took Spain back, they took over the Alcazaba. Instead of destroying it, they used it themselves, even as royal residency.
Have you been to the Alcazaba in Almeria? Or in another city in Spain? What do you think?